Introduction, General Description, Conformation and Characteristics of the ANGBA Nigora Goat:
The American Nigora Goat Breed Standard was set by the ANGBA on
July 3, 2009 and revised on November 13, 2013
The Nigora was created to be a medium sized, multipurpose breed; it's conformation, character and style shall be that of a healthy, well proportioned animal, capable of producing milk, as well as three distinct types of fleece, and companionship. The Nigora should exhibit a rectangular build, refinement, bone structure/substance and angularity typical of that of a well formed miniature dairy goat. Fleece amount and coverage will vary according to the breeding ratio of the Nigora and type of fleece exhibited by the animal.
Purpose: The Nigora is perfect for micro-eco niche business, Urban goat keeping, small homesteading & personal family use; they also make great pets. Nigoras are, on average, amicable little goats, their friendly dispositions and smaller size making them especially easy to handle for children and seniors.
Predominant Bloodlines: Nigerian Dwarf Dairy Goats and/or Swiss Type Mini Dairy Breeds (i.e.: Mini Alpine, Mini Saanen, Mini Sable, Mini Oberhasli, Mini Toggenburg) crossed with any recognized Angora goat breed (i.e.: Commercial White, Colored Angora, or Navajo/Heritage Angora). ANGBA also has Grade and Breeding Stock classifications; All goats applying for registration must meet the ANGBA minimal Standard for general breed type and be free of disqualifiable faults and/or traits.
Height: The suggested height range for Nigoras is a minimum of 19" with a maximum of 29" (Goats that meet the standard but are over or under height will be taken into consideration on an individual basis.) For show purposes, goats that are slightly (fractional difference) over or under the ideal height of 19"- 29" will recieve a minor fault; goats under or over 1+ inch will be disqualified.
Ears: Ear set varies and may be erect like the Nigerians and the Swiss type Mini Dairy breeds, open dropped like the Angora, or somewhere in between, i.e.: airplane (pointy and out to the sides) or pointy and drooping. Unequal ears (one up, one down) are a minor fault in show animals but will not count against registration. Gopher or elf ears (a LaMancha trait) and long pendulous ears (a Nubian trait) are a disqualification for registration.
Eyes: Any color eyes are allowed: Gold, brown, blue, or a combination thereof. Odd eyed (one of each color) or marbled/bi-colored eyes (mixed eye color) is not faulted against.
Color/Markings: ALL colors and patterns found within the Nigerian, Angora, or Swiss type Mini Dairy breeds are allowed without preference or predjudice. (More info below).
Horns: Nigoras may be disbudded or remain horned by owner preference; Naturally polled Nigoras exist and are allowed by ANGBA.
Fleece/Fiber: The Nigora exhibits a predominantly "cashgora" type fleece which comes in three different styles:
''Type "A": (aka "Angora" Type) This type of fleece leans heavily toward the mohair characteristics of the Angora goat; some "Heavy" Nigoras may exhibit true mohair.
''Type "B": (aka "Blended" Type) This is the most common form of cashgora fiber, which is a combination of mohair and cashmere characteristics.
''Type "C": (aka "Cashmere" type) This fleece leans more toward cashmere fiber characteristics; some Nigoras (particularly "Light" Nigoras) may produce commercial grade cashmere.
Sub-Types include "A/B" and "B/C" for fleece that fall between types.
(More fleece info below).
Temperament: As a general rule, a Nigora should have a calm, amiable, laid back disposition and be neither aggressive nor excessively fearful when properly socialized.
Suggested Nigora Classifications (For Registration Purposes)--
"Blue List", "Red List", "Grade", and "Breeding Stock"
"Blue List Class": *F-Gen Nigoras that are bred from crossing any type registered Angora (Colored, Commercial White, Navajo) to registered Nigerians and/or registered Purebred Mini Dairy breeds (F6+) of the "Swiss type", i.e.: Mini Alpine, Mini Saanen,Mini Sable, Mini Oberhasli, Mini Toggenburg.
"Red List Class": F-Gen Nigoras bred from unregistered but otherwise PUREBRED Angoras, Nigerians, and/or Swiss Type Mini Dairy breeds
(Note: Some purebred Mini Dairy breeds may not pass registration due to color restrictions for their particular breed, this does not count against them when breeding for Nigoras).
"Grade Class": This class is for goats that meet the standard, but are from either completely unknown breeding, or bred from Swiss type Mini Dairy goats recorded as "Experiemental" (F1-F2) or "American" (F3-F5), or who are "NOA" aka "Native on Appearance"; i.e.: deemed to be acceptable by appearance/type/size) OR created using available "alternate" fiber goat breeding.
List of Known "Alternate Fiber Breeds" (Angora Based) That, When Crossed With Nigerian Dwarf or Swiss Type Mini Dairy Goats, May Produce "Grade Nigora" Eligible Offspring: (See the "Nigoras 101" page for more details)
--PCA Goat (Pygora/Colored Angora)
--"True" Cashgora" (American or Australian Cashmere x Angora);
("Cashgoras" that are created by crossing standard dairy goats, or meat goats, with Angoras are not "True" Cashgoras) or "Mini Cashgoras" (created by crossing "Casherians" (Cashmere x Nigerian) or "Mini Cashmeres" (Swiss type Mini Dairy goat x Cashmere) with Angoras.
Whenever possible try to select your Nigora breeding stock from goats that
fall into the Blue List or Red List categories. If certain breeds are absolutely
not available in your area (i.e.: Angoras) but you are able to obtain one of the
approved alternatives (i.e.: Pygoras) then you may feel free to start with a
Grade Nigora program using the above as a guideline. When choosing
an alternate breed, such as a Pygora, try to obtain ones that are mostly
Angora in breeding, i.e. 3/4 Angora) and always choose goats with a build/
conformation that is as close to the Nigora standard as possible (i.e.: Pygoras
with body type closer to the longer bodied Angora than the cobby Pygmy are more desirable).
Disallowed Breeds; The Following Breeds Are Not To Be Used in Any Nigora Breeding Program:
--Nubian (Standard or Mini)
--LaMancha (Standard or Mini)
---Standard Swiss Type Dairy Goats, i.e The offspring produced from the DIRECT cross of a STANDARD Swiss type Dairy breed to a Nigora, Angora, or Pygora (etc) are not recognized as Nigoras. (i.e.: Standard Alpine x Angora = Faux Cashgora; Standard Alpine x Nigora or Pygora= Mixed breed. NOTE: All goats applying for Grade Nigora status under "unknown" breeding must pass inspection by three ANGBA evaluators; no oversized grades of unknown parentage will be accepted.)
[Pending: Certain exceptions under consideration as "Experimentals", i.e.: Offspring of Nigerian or Nigora bucks crossed on does that are 3/4(+) Angora 1/4(-) Swiss Type Standard Dairy]
--Meat Goats or crosses (i.e.: Boers, Kikos, Kinders, Boergoras, Mini Boers, Spanish, etc.)
--Myotonic Breeds (i.e.: Fainting, Tennessee Wooden Leg, Mini Silkie Fainter, etc)
Goats submitting for registration evaluation that show evidence of any of the conformational traits, excessive/Standard size, or evidence of myotonia/fainting, from any of the above breeds will not be accepted.
(ALL goats applying for registration, regardless of classification- Blue List, Red List, "Breeding Stock", or "Grade" will be taken on a case by case basis and must pass an evaluation approval by registrars).
"Breeding Stock Class":
"Heavy Nigoras": Nigoras that consist of 1/4 Purebred Nigerian or Purebred
Swiss Type Mini Dairy to 3/4 Purebred Angora breeding are classed as "Heavy"
Nigoras. "Heavy" Nigoras usually exhibit larger size and more mohair like qualities to their coats, *Type "A" or "A/B" fleece being common. (*The exception being if a Navajo type Angora, or Angora having an atypical type fleece, is used.)
"Light Nigoras": Nigoras that are 3/4 Purebred Nigerian or Purebred Swiss Mini Dairy to 1/4 Purebred Angora are classed as "Light" Nigoras. "Light" Nigoras may be smaller, have more dairy propensity, and exhibit the lighter cashmere type fleeces.
Nigoras produced from crossing "Heavy" and "Light" Nigoras back to each other can be classified as Blue List or Red List Nigoras if their bloodlines qualify as such.
*NOTE: Sometimes "Light" Nigoras may be "Slicks", having either very little or no Fleece. Slicks may be retained and bred back to Purebred Angoras or "Heavy" Nigoras. These individuals can then be classed Blue List or Red List according to qualifying bloodlines.
Disqualification From Registration: Any goat showing the traits of any of the aforementioned disallowed breeds; goats having any severe congenital defect/weakness that may prove heritable; any goat that fully resembles another recognized fiber breed (i.e.: Purebred Angoras, Pygoras, PCA's and Cashgoras may be used in a Nigora breeding program but may not be registered as Nigoras themselves.)
ANGBA Working Standard:
Head: The ideal head is described as a blunt triangle, wide in the
backskull and tapering to a medium to medium short foreface, broad
muzzled with full nostrils and a straight strong jaw, clean-cut smooth
throatlatch. The Nigora face should have a straight to slightly dished
profile, never convex or roman nosed.
Teeth: Should be flush with dental pad. When viewed from the side the
upper and lower biting structures should be symmetrical, neither over nor
undershot. Goats, other than aged seniors, should exhibit a full set of
teeth closely spaced and well set in the gums.
Eyes: Any color, bright and alert, large enough to give good expression,
not pig eyed, bulging, or squinting.
Ears: Appx. medium size, fitting nicely in proportion to goat. Carriage
may be reminiscent of either Nigerian or Angora, i.e. erect or drooping (but not pendulous) or somewhere in between (aka "airplane" ears); Should match in adult animals.
Neck: Long, refined, clean-cut and blending smoothly into all body
junctions. More refined and graceful in does, heavier and showing a
distinct musculature, arch and masculinity in adult bucks
Skin: Well fitting, pliable, clean and smooth.
Frame: Rectangular in build; taller at withers than at hips, smoothly
blended throughout with and appearance of strength, balance, health
and vigor; moderate-fine yet strong bone structure.
Front end: Should exhibit arched shoulders closely attached to the
withers, which are prominent and wedge-shaped, with dorsal arising
slightly above the shoulder blades. Shoulder blade, point of shoulder
and point of elbow should have a smooth tight fit against chest wall; full
crops with moderate extension and development of brisket.
Back end- topline, rump and tail: Should be strong, straight with well
defined structure. Gentle slope downward from the withers with a level
chine, and loin that is straight and wide. Rump strong, wide, long, nearly
level to slightly sloping; drops slightly from hips to pins, wide and nearly
flat between thurls; pin bones & hip bones wide apart and well defined.
Hips nearly level with back. Tail head smoothly set slightly above pin
bones; straight, neither broken nor set awry.
Angularity: Lean and free of excess fleshing, depth and width increasing
from heart girth to rear.
Ribs, Thighs and Flanks: Ribs long, flat, flinty, widely spaced, fore ribs
well sprung, lower ribs angled toward flank. thighs, from side,
moderately incurving from pin bone to stifle; from rear, clean and wide
apart, highly arched and out-curving into the escutcheon; flank well
defined, deep, yet arched, free of excess tissue.
Chest and Heart Girth: Deep and wide, well sprung foreribs, full in crops
and point of elbow.
Barrel: Strongly supported, deep, wide and long with well sprung ribs
and increasing depth and width toward rear (with maturity).
Forelegs: Legs should be straight, strong, well-muscled, and
proportional to frame. Shoulders, knees and pasterns should be
correctly angled and strong. Forequarter movement should be free and
Hindlegs: Rear legs should be strong, well-muscled, and proportional to
frame. Hips, hocks and pasterns should be correctly angled and strong.
Hindquarter movement should be free and correct.
Feet: Hooves should be sturdy, broad, well-formed, and proportional to
frame. Inter digital division should be adequate, and both sides of each
hoof should be symmetrical
Fore udder- Wide, full to the side, moderate forward extension, free of
non-lactating tissue, blending smoothly into barrel.
Rear udder- Capacious, high, widely arched into escutcheon; uniformly
wide and deep to floor; moderately curved in side profile without
protruding beyond the vulva, blending smoothly into escutcheon.
Teats- Uniform in size, of medium length and diameter, proportionate to
udder size, cylindrical in shape, ideally plumb when viewed from the
side or rear, situated outward of center on the floor of each udder half,
orifice size to facilitate ease of milking).
Support- Strong medial suspensory ligament that clearly defines the udder
halves, contributes to desirable shape and capacity, and holds the udder
snugly against the body and well above the hocks. Lateral attachments
strong, extending well down the inside of the thigh, contributing to a large
area of attachment.
Quality- Shape, balance, & texture (globular; of adequate capacity with
due regard to stage of lactation; from the side, approx. one-third visible
in front of the leg, one-third under the leg, and one-third behind the leg;
texture soft, pliable, and elastic, well collapsed after milking, free of scar
tissue, with halves symmetrical.
Two testicles should be present, smooth and symmetrical, and of
adequate size for age. Any split in the scrotum should extend no more
than one third total scrotal length. Two undeveloped teats should be
present. Sheath should be normally developed for age.
There are three primary fleece types:
Type “A” Is a long fiber which averages 6+ inches in length. It hangs in long
lustrous ringlets or sometimes flat wavy locks. It may be a single coat (without guard hair present) but a fine silky guard hair might be present. The fiber is like very fine mohair and the handle should be cool and silky smooth to the touch.
Type “B” Is a blend of fibers which contains the characteristics of both Type "A" (mohair type) and Type "C" (cashmere type) fleece. Type "B" is usually softly curly and between 3 to 6 inches in length on average. There is obvious guard hair, though it may be finer then that found on Type "C" goats. A second silky guard hair might also be present. The fleece should exhibit luster and the handle should be fluffy, soft and lofty. The fleece on Type "B" goats is usually lighter in color than the hair coat, on average (i.e. A goat that is born black, or appears black when shed out, may grow a fleece that is either a lighter shade of brown or grey. A goat born with a dark red or brown hair coat may have a fleece that is very pale red (pink), cream colored or pale mocha).
Type “C” Is a very fine fiber and can be acceptable as commercial cashmere.
It is usually between 1 to 3 inches long but must be no less than 1 inch minimum. Type "C" has a matte finish (without luster) and a warm,
creamy, suede-like handle. It must show some crimp. There is definite separation between the coarse guard hairs and fleece. Like Type "B" the fleece color is usually lighter than the guard hair color.
As a rule, a Nigora should have a calm, naturally amiable, laid back disposition and be neither aggressive nor excessively fearful when properly socialized.
*Swayed back (not caused by old age), **Roached back, **Spinal deformity
*Weak conformation; lacking depth, slab sided or narrow body type
*Serious emaciation; unthrifty constitution
**Blindness (not caused by injury)
*Permanent lameness; broken down pasterns, deformed and crooked
feet and/or legs
**Blind (non-functioning) udder half
**Double teat (bifurcal, or fused)
**Extra teat that interferes with milking (supernumerary); *non-interfering extra teat
**Extra teat on buck (supernumerary)
**Double orifice on buck
*Active mastitis or any other cause of abnormal milk
**Evidence of hermaphroditism
**Evidence of any inability to reproduce
**Anything other than two normal, fully descended testicles in bucks;
more than 3-inch split in scrotum
**Permanent physical defect from birth
Evidence of Disallowed Breeding:
**Roman nose (Nubian and Boer traits)
**Excessively long/pendulous ears (Nubian trait)
**Extremely tiny or missing ears (LaMancha trait)
**Excessive body mass/muscling (Meat goat trait)
**Myotonia (Fainting goat breeds trait)